Counselling Difficult Children

  • Martin H. Ritchie


Unique aspects of counselling difficult children (ages 4-12) are examined. Because most children are involuntarily referred, counsellors must expect resistance and accept it as a reasonable reaction. Counsellors engage children by explaining the rules of counselling and gaining informed consent. Methods for securing a commitment to change include: indirect confrontation with puppets, media or stories; paradox and reframing; modelling and role plays. Because children have little control over their environment, it is suggested that therapeutic change be facilitated and maintained by enlisting the aid of significant others.
How to Cite
Ritchie, M. H. (2007). Counselling Difficult Children. Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy, 28(1). Retrieved from
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