Recognizing Faith: A Perspective on Black Caribbean Immigrant Women

  • Sandra P. Dixon University of Lethbridge
  • Nancy M. Arthur University of Calgary
Keywords: cultural identity reconstruction, Judeo-Christian Protestant tradition, Pentecostal faith, Black Caribbean immigrants, migration, culturally-infused counselling


Faith plays important roles in the reconstruction of cultural identities for many immigrants, in particular for Black Caribbean immigrant women (BCIW). By understanding and appreciating the religious and spiritual dimensions of people’s cultural identities, counsellors can enhance their knowledge when addressing salient aspects of faith in approaches to counselling. The discussion is intended to orient and demystify key practices within the Judeo-Christian Protestant tradition (specifically Pentecostal faith), address relevant feminist debates over the social positioning of women in this faith tradition, and highlight counselling implications for the culture-infused counselling model that emphasizes a social justice lens.

Author Biographies

Sandra P. Dixon, University of Lethbridge

Sandra Dixon is a counselling psychology professor in the Faculty of Education, University of Lethbridge. Her teaching and research foci include multicultural counselling, spirituality, religiosity, cultural identity developmnet, social justice, and ethnocultural issues.

Nancy M. Arthur, University of Calgary

Nancy Arthur is a professor in the counselling psychology program and Associate Dean Research in the Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary, and is also a registered psychologist.
Her teaching and research foci include professional education, culture-infused counselling, career development, and international transitions.

How to Cite
Dixon, S. P., & Arthur, N. M. (2019). Recognizing Faith: A Perspective on Black Caribbean Immigrant Women. Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy, 53(2). Retrieved from
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