Validity of Holland's Model: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis

  • Sar B Khan
  • Sabir A. Alvi
  • Kristian J. Kirkwood


Confirmatory factor analysis was used to investigate the validity of Holland's model for a sample of 155 Canadian high school students. The analysis revealed that Holland's model was quite appropriate in explaining the relationships among six personality types: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising and Conventional across the areas of Activities, Competencies, Occupations and Self-Estimates in the Self-Directed Search.
How to Cite
Khan, S. B., Alvi, S. A., & Kirkwood, K. J. (1). Validity of Holland’s Model: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy, 24(3). Retrieved from
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