Psychotherapists: What They Do Versus What They Say They Do


  • Mireille Cyr
  • Marc-André Bouchard
  • Conrad Lecomte


Sixty-eight psychotherapists of various theoretical orientations expressed their expectations of using specific response modes to short written transcripts of therapy sessions under conditions of either high or low self-awareness. This self-rating was then correlated with three other sources of observation: (a) actual behaviour in two therapy sessions; (b) assessment ratings by peers; and (c) response modes given to written statements from three clients. Statistical analyses showed no differences between the high and low self-awareness group and no significant relationships were observed between the self-rating of the subjects and the ratings of peers, or any other measurements of therapist behaviour. Implications of these results are discussed in terms of variables mediating the self-reports and the importance of process expectations as a common factor in psychotherapy.


How to Cite

Cyr, M., Bouchard, M.-A., & Lecomte, C. (2011). Psychotherapists: What They Do Versus What They Say They Do. Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy, 24(1). Retrieved from



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